Horatio Bottomley and the Far Right Before Fascism (Routledge Studies in Fascism and the Far Right)

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Horatio Bottomley and the Far Right Before Fascism (Routledge Studies in Fascism and the Far Right)

Horatio Bottomley and the Far Right Before Fascism (Routledge Studies in Fascism and the Far Right)

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Government Policy". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Hansard online. 3 May 1920. pp.col. 1701. Archived from the original on 17 March 2016 . Retrieved 2 July 2016. Purdue, A. W. (15 November 2012). " Book review: Patriotism and Propaganda in First World War Britain: The National War Aims Committee and Civilian Morale". The Times Higher Education Supplement. Archived from the original on 16 October 2014 . Retrieved 2 July 2016. Why Does Anyone Want To Go To Your School?" (PDF). The Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 July 2014 . Retrieved 3 July 2014.

Bottomley was born in Newport, Shropshire, the son of Sir James Bottomley, a wartime army officer who later joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, and of Barbara, née Vardon, a social worker. He wa This was known as his “Prince of Peace” speech, and you only got it if receipts for the night were of sufficient size.H.B.'s father had, at some time prior to 1860, been confined in a well-known London asylum as a mental case. I am unable to give the details as the authorities inform me that only relatives can be permitted to inspect the records, but I have evidence of the fact that H.B.'s father died in a "fit of mania." H.B. always told me that his father died of consumption. Dunn, Bill Newton. The Man Who Was John Bull (1996 but still in print), Allendale Publishing, 29 Old Palace Lane, Richmond TW9 1PQ, GB. During John Bull's run it incorporated other magazines, such as Illustrated (1958), Passing Show, and Everybody's Weekly (1959). Parris, Matthew (11 August 2001). "He was a shameless liar and thief. He went to Wormwood Scrubs. He was a lovable scallywag". The Spectator. p.31. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014 . Retrieved 2 July 2016. Horatio wound up relying on the charity of one of the same women he had showered with gifts decades before – Peggy Primrose, the one mistress who had stood by him through the years. Peggy was an actress and she might have been the one who got him his last public appearance, a one man show at the Windmill Theatre where he told stories of his life and recreated some of his greatest speeches. Reports vary as to how this was received – some say that he only succeeded in baffling the crowd at the shows, others that he was popular enough that he might have been able to spin yet another fortune out of his stories. It was a moot point – his health went into decline, and in 1933 at the age of 73 he died. A large crowd attended the funeral, where he was lauded for the contribution his poisonous brand of patriotism had made to the war effort. In accordance with his wishes, he was cremated and had his ashes scattered in Sussex. He was remembered as a symbol of wasted talent, a man who had all his achievements destroyed by his own corruption. In the end, everything he built was like his ashes, just dust in the wind.

The young Horatio went to live with his maternal uncle George Jacob Holyoake, a radical propagandist, the editor of a rationalist and socialist review, the coiner of the terms “secularism” and “jingoism,” one of the founders of the cooperative movement that is still in existence today, and the author of a two-volume memoir, Sixty Years of an Agitator’s Life (1892) . (Horatio’s other maternal uncle was the fairly successful painter William Holyoake, whose portrait of his brother shows him to have been a respectable Victorian bourgeois gentleman.)gpi: General Paralysis of the Insane, the last stage of neurosyphilis. Bottomley’s description exactly fits one of the only two cases I ever saw as a doctor, and her dreadful screams ring in my mind’s ear still; I can conjure them up mentally forty-five years later.

Although he had no religious belief whatsoever, he thought it expedient to give a religious, or religiose, tone to his public declarations. He tailored his speeches to his fees: the larger the fee, the more exalted the tone. We now find his manner of tub-thumping in the midst of general slaughter both repellent and ridiculous, but at the time it was found inspiring: Lentin, Anthony (1985). Lloyd George, Woodrow Wilson and the guilt of Germany: an essay in the pre-history of appeasement. Leicester: Leicester University Press. ISBN 978-0-71851-251-4.

Rather than the end of his career, Horatio Bottomley’s trial for fraud would prove to be the first of his finest hours. The evidence against him was overwhelming, and the case would seem to be over before it began. He was helped by the complacency of the prosecution, who didn’t bother presenting all of their evidence against him and who managed to annoy the judge with their blase manner. In contrast, Horatio’s charm and wit managed to get the judge fully on his side, as he argued that what he was being accused of was standard industry practice, that the prosecution was deliberately understating the amount he’d had to spend on expenses, and that the whole thing was an attempt on the part of the official receiver to gain prestige by bringing down his company. As a result the judge summed up in his favor and Horatio was, against all the odds, acquitted. Horatio’s best known mistress, Peggy Primrose. Source In April 1915, Bottomley was sent to the Clyde, to counteract a threatened strike by shipwrights. Five thousand workers listened to Bottomley pledge that after the War had finished the relationship between Capital and Labour would change:

In 1869 Bottomley was placed in Sir Josiah Mason's Orphanage in Birmingham. According to his biographer, A. J. A. Morris: "To help alleviate his misery and humiliation Bottomley created a world of fantasy from which he never again entirely escaped. When at fourteen he ran away from the orphanage he was shunted between the homes of relatives and various lodging houses in Birmingham and London." Office Boy When that was rendered impossible by time or distance, almost any feminine society was acceptable as a substitute. His women friends ranged from the highest ladies in the land to the humblest waitress in the grill room of an hotel, and he was equally at home with both types. He needed a great deal of care as a result, and I found it necessary to travel special blankets for him. The first thing I used to do when we arrived at a hotel was to place the special blankets on his bed. That was done mainly at the request of Mrs. Bottomley, but it was a necessary precaution... It will thus be seen that the war provided H.B. with an excellent source of revenue. The expenditure of nervous and physical energy involved in the lecture tour was enormous. Every night when I got him away from a meeting to the hotel I had to strip him and give him a thorough towelling. He was invariably saturated right through to his morning coat with perspiration. Independents remain common in local politics. In the 1970s, around 20% of England’s local councillors described themselves in this way. Today there is another revival, with local independents controlling district councils in places such as Ashfield in Nottinghamshire and Boston in Lincolnshire, and other independents having shared power at county level, including in Cornwall and Herefordshire.Royle, Edward (January 2011). "Bradlaugh, Charles". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (onlineed.). Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/ref:odnb/3183 . Retrieved 16 June 2014. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) Horatio William Bottomley ( 23 March 1860 – 26 May 1933) was an English journalist, newspaper proprietor, financier, Member of Parliament, and fraudster. His political career was ended by a five-year prison term. Peter Baker, the Conservative MP for South Norfolk, was automatically expelled on 16 December 1954 when he was sentenced to seven years' imprisonment after forging signatures on letters purporting to guarantee debts when his companies ran into financial difficulties.

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